Resources

Resources

  • Publication

    Pioneering New Diagnostics: Addressing Challenges and Implications for Point-of-Care Testing in African Settings

    Point-of-Care Testing: Why is it important?

    POCT2Imagine yourself in a city at the centre of one of the world’s deadliest disease outbreaks. You watch as your friends and relatives are struck down by an aggressive illness that kills roughly 50-90% of those affected. One evening, you go to bed tired and achy, awakening the next morning with fever and headache. You do the right thing and call the emergency number. You are told to head to the nearest healthcare facility, a holding centre far from your neighbourhood. You are greeted at the holding centre by security personnel wearing face masks, face shields and gloves. From a distance, they tell you to wash your hands in bleach solution and then point you through a metal door into the facility grounds. A nurse shows you to the “dry” waiting area on the far side of a bright orange plastic fence, an area reserved for suspect cases not yet exhibiting the “wet” symptoms of diarrhoea and vomiting. A few metres away, in another fenced area, you see a chaotic scene: sick people lying on the floor, outnumbered workers in protective suits diligently working to clean diarrhoea and vomit from around them. A nurse in a protective suit approaches you and asks about your symptoms from a distance. She takes your temperature using an infrared device and asks you to wait. Six hours go by and the surveillance team arrives to take a blood sample. Then you wait. Your symptoms worsen the following day. You wait for days at the holding centre. You share bathrooms, eating utensils, and living quarters with up to 100 other sick people. On the third day, your result comes back: you have tested negative for Ebola.

     Author(s) Laurel Oldach   Originally published on February 1, 2015   Posted on January 4, 2018


  • Publication

    The performance of BD FACSPresto™ forCD4 T-cell count, CD4% and hemoglobin concentration test in Ethiopia

    Gebremicael, et al. report results from a technical evaluation of the BD FACSPresto Point-of-Care CD4 platform in Ethiopia using capillary and venous blood samples. Researchers found acceptable agreement with conventional systems for measuring CD4 count, CD4% and Hgb concentration. This paper was published in April 2017 by PLOS ONE.

     Author(s) GG, YB, BB, AG, DK, LV   Originally published on April 27, 2017   Posted on November 1, 2017


  • Publication

    Impact of SMS/GPRS printers in reducing time to early infant diagnosis compared to 4 routine result reporting: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Vojnov, et al., present results from a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the benefit of using short message service (SMS) and general packet radio service (GPRS) printers to increase the efficiency of early infant diagnosis (EID) test result delivery compared with traditional courier, paper-based result delivery methods. The authors found that SMS/GPRS result delivery to facilities significantly reduced test turn-around time and should be considered for expedited delivery of EID and other centralized laboratory test results. This paper has been accepted by the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and was published online in August 2017.

     Author(s) TBD   Originally published on December 15, 2017   Posted on November 1, 2017


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